The complexity of social, cultural, linguistic, and political factors that shape
urban educational settings across the globe presents excellent opportunities for learning. Accordingly, the main purpose of this seminar is to review and examine research literature that is focused upon the interactions of policy,classroom practice, and community on student advancement in urban educational settings. A central focus of the seminar will be on issues of culture,language, classroom dynamics, local structures, and agency that influence students' learning. Readings will be drawn from the sociology of education, sociocultural studies, applied linguistics, philosophy of science, policy studies and other relevant literature. Enrollment is limited to Ph.D. students in Education.